- 08 November 2013
- mac os
Macports is one of the most popular package manager system for MacOS. Usually, when you want to install Macports, you will download the automatic installer from Macports website. This is convenient for those people who first come to Macports’s world. Usually, the best way to backup with Mac is to backup your home directory. However, Macports by default will install all its packages into /opt/local, which make it difficult when you want to re-install your whole system or migrate to a new Mac because it’s outside your home directory.
The solution is to install Macports into your home directory and config it to put all its stuff into your home directory, too. By using this method, you can easily backup your home directory and start your work immediately with all your favorite applications/packages when you re-install the whole system.
There is one thing to notice. Not all packages from Macports can be installed and launched from your home directory. The ones that cannot are those that need to create another user, interact with folders outside your home dir,… (tasks that need sudo permission). One example that I have encountered is Mysql server. It needs to create another user to run the instance of Mysql but I think we can config it (I have not tried yet). To fix this, simply install 2 instances of Macports, one using the default installer and one in your home directory.
Install Macports to Home directory
To install Macports to home directory, you need to download its source code and compile it yourself. First, download the source as bzip2 tarball at http://www.macports.org/install.php and unzip it. After that, open up Terminal and cd to that directory. Use this command to config, compile and install Macports.
This will install Macports into the folder ~/macports. In order to use it, you need to load it into shell PATH. Open your shell rc file (.bashrc, .zshrc,…) and add
Now, to test your new Macports installation, open up Terminal ad type
You may consider adding alias for it so that it’s easier for you to distinguish all your Macports instances.
Install packages from Macports in home dir
Now, it’s time to test your Macports which you have installed before into your home folder. Open Terminal and try to install some packages from it. For example
For most packages from Macports, usually, they can be installed and launched from your home directory. Only some special packages, which create extra user account or interact with folders that need root permission (mysql server for example). In that case, use the port-system to install them.