Clean architecture with C#/.Net Core and MediatR - Part 2

3. Runtime Layer

The Runtime Layer contains nearly no logic. It is simply a place to bootstrap the application and register all the necessary dependencies. It acts as a gateway for inputting the data to the Business Flows and transfer the output back to the caller. That means, your Business Flows can be embedded into any Runtime type, from an HTTP API Server to a Worker that processes data from a Message Queues or a onetime Script,… Here are some examples how they should look like

HTTP Server

Http Runtime

For HTTP Server, the APIs simply transform the data from the deserializable format (the HTTP Request) to the Business Flow input and then serialize the output to send back to the client.

In case you use ASP.Net Core and Autofac (like me)…

public class Startup
    // ...other methods

    /// <summary>
    /// Autofac method
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="builder"></param>
    public void ConfigureContainer(ContainerBuilder builder)

public class NpsController : ControllerBase
    private readonly Business.ISendMarketingEmails _sendMarketingEmails;

    public NpsController(Business.ISendMarketingEmails sendMarketingEmails)
        _sendMarketingEmails = sendMarketingEmails;

    /// <summary>
    /// Send Marketing Emails for a Campaign
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="marketingCampaignId"></param>
    /// <returns></returns>
    public Task<string> SendMarketingEmails(int marketingCampaignId)
        => _sendMarketingEmails.Execute(marketingCampaignId);

    // ... other APIs

Message Queue worker

Worker Runtime

Similar to an HTTP Server, instead of receiving the request from web browser, the Worker will pull the Messages from a Message Queue and then input to the Business Flows.

class Program
    static async Task Main(string[] args)
        var builder = new ContainerBuilder();
        IContainer container = builder.Build();

        using (var scope = container.BeginLifetimeScope())
            var client = scope.Resolve<IMessageQueueClient>();
            var message = await client.PullMessage();

            var mapper = scope.Resolve<IMapper>();
            var handler = scope.Resolve<ISendMarketingEmails>();
            await handler.Execute(mapper.Map<BusinessInput>(message));

To be continued…