The Web Audio API provides a powerful and versatile system for controlling audio on the Web, allowing developers to choose audio sources, add effects to audio, create audio visualizations, apply spatial effects (such as panning) and much more.

Web Audio API - MDN

Record Audio and Export to WAV files with Recorder.js

Recorder.js is a library for recording and exporting the output of Web Audio API. It can be installed using Bower using the package name recorderjs (not recorder.js, it’s another library). After installation, load the bower_components/Recorderjs/recorder.js file to your html file to use.

Note: inside the Recorderjs, there is another file named recorderWorker.js. You will need to specify the path to that file later in Javascript code. You should run this under an http web server, not through file:///.

In the HTML page, I have 2 buttons for start and stop Recording

<button onclick="record()">Record</button>
<button onclick="stop()">Stop</button>

Next, in the Javascript code, you need to add this to the beginning of your script file to fix the browser compatibility.

var navigator = window.navigator;
navigator.getUserMedia = (
  navigator.getUserMedia ||
    navigator.webkitGetUserMedia ||
    navigator.mozGetUserMedia ||

var Context = window.AudioContext || window.webkitAudioContext;
var context = new Context();

The navigator.getUserMedia() will prompt the user for permission to use media devices like camera or microphone and then returns a LocalMediaStream in its callback.

The AudioContext is used for creating, processing and decoding audio. According to Mozilla, you need to create an AudioContext before you can do anything because everything happens inside a context.

Next, define the function for handling start Recording

// we need these variables for later use with the stop function
var mediaStream;
var rec;

function record() {
  // ask for permission and start recording
  navigator.getUserMedia({audio: true}, function(localMediaStream){
    mediaStream = localMediaStream;

    // create a stream source to pass to Recorder.js
    var mediaStreamSource = context.createMediaStreamSource(localMediaStream);

    // create new instance of Recorder.js using the mediaStreamSource
    rec = new Recorder(mediaStreamSource, {
      // pass the path to recorderWorker.js file here
      workerPath: '/bower_components/Recorderjs/recorderWorker.js'

    // start recording
  }, function(err){
    console.log('Browser not supported');

Finally, we need another function for stopping Recording and export the WAV file

function stop() {
  // stop the media stream

  // stop Recorder.js

  // export it to WAV
    Recorder.forceDownload(e, "filename.wav");

Now, run a simple http server in the directory that you are working and open the file to see the result. If you have Nodejs and npm installed, you can install a simple, zero configuration http server using npm install -g http-server. The full source code for this is included at the end of this post.

Record and Stream video

Recording video using Web Audio API is similar to that of recording audio file, you just need to add the property video: true to the option object that passed to getUserMedia(). This time, there is no need for using Recorder.js since we don’t need to export anything.

In the HTML code, similarly, add two buttons for start and stop Recording. Add one <video> element for playing the video also

<button onclick="recordVideo()">Record Video</button>
<button onclick="stopVideo()">Stop Video</button>

<video src="" width="500" height="500">

The Javascript code is pretty similar to the previous one.

var videoMediaStream;
var video;

function recordVideo() {
  // ask for permission and start recording
  navigator.getUserMedia({video: true, audio: true}, function(localMediaStream){
    // create a media source from the media stream
    videoMediaStream = localMediaStream;
    var mediaStreamSource = context.createMediaStreamSource(localMediaStream);

    // get the video element from the web page
    video = document.querySelector('video');
    // set the URL of the video to the mediaStramSource
    video.src = URL.createObjectURL(localMediaStream);
    // start playing;
  }, function(err){
    console.log('Browser not supported');

function stopVideo() {

Note: for the example of recording and streaming video, please turn off your speaker or plugin your headphone, otherwise, the sound recorded to the computer will continues to go out through the speaker and the recording step is repeated again endlessly. That will cause some extremely terrible sound that you don’t want to hear.

Demo and Source code

  • Live demo is embeded directly inside the below iframe