HTML5 Web Storage

HTML Web Storage is a way for web pages to store named key/value pairs locally, within the client web browser. Like cookies, this data persists even after you navigate away from the web site, close your browser tab, exit your browser, or what have you. Unlike cookies, this data is never transmitted to the remote web server (unless you go out of your way to send it manually). HTML5 Storage

There are 2 types of HTML5 Web Storage, Session Storage and Local Storage. Both of them exist as properties of window object and can be accessed as sessionStorage and localStorage. The methods of them are similar, too. The only difference is that objects stored in session storage will be cleared when the session expires while the ones stored in local storage are not. The same-origin rules is applied for both of them.

To store an object in the Web Storage location, use setItem(key,value).

// Store in session
sessionStorage.setItem("username", "tmtxt");

// Persist the data
localStorage.setItem("username", "tmtxt");

// Use JSON.stringify() to store JSON data
sessionStorage.setItem("json", JSON.stringify(myjson));

To retrieve the data

// Get from session storage

// Get from local storage

// Get the JSON data

Cross-tab Communication with HTML5 Storage

The localStorage object comes with storage event for tracking changes to the HTML5 storage area. The event is fired whenever setItem() or removeItem() functions of localStorage is called. By registering to this event, multiple browser tabs displaying pages from the same origin can communicate easily every time the data is changed.

if (window.addEventListener) {
  // Normal browsers
  window.addEventListener("storage", handler, false);
} else {
  // for IE (why make your life more difficult)
  window.attachEvent("onstorage", handler);

function handler(e) {
  console.log('Successfully communicate with other tab');
  console.log('Received data: ' + localStorage.getItem('data'));

Now, run a simple web server and open many tabs to that page, try writing data to local storage using Javascript console and see the reaction in other tab

localStorage.setItem('data', 'hello world');